Accelerated Literacy Practitioners' Association Australia

Further reading

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However, a complimentary set of Primary teaching notes is available to download via Resources/Teaching notes.

On scaffolding approaches to teaching language and literacy


Adoniou, M. and Macken-Horarik, M. (2007) 'Scaffolding Literacy meets ESL: Some insights from ACT classrooms'.TESOL in Context, 17 (1), 5-14.

Axford, B. (2007) 'Parents and their children working together: a Scaffolded Literacy case study.' In AJLL 30 (1): pp21-39.

Bell, J. (date unknown) 'Scaffolding Literacy at Kulkarriya Community School, Kimberley Region, Western Australia.'

Cooper, J. (2008) 'Embedding literacy in Indigenous education through assistant teachers: lessons from the National Accelerated Literacy Program'. The Australian Journal of Indigenous Education 37, 120-129.

Cowey, W. (2005) 'A Brief Description of the National Accelerated Literacy Program'. TESOL in Context, 15 (2): 3-14. 

Cowey, W. (2009). 'The Accelerated Literacy program and its relevance to the discourse of adult literacy acquisition'. In Fine Print, 32 (1).

Gray, B. (1998) 'The effect of deficit/difference perspectives on Aboriginal education in Australia'. Appendix 1 In Accessing the Discourses of Schooling. (Thesis) Melbourne: University of Melbourne.

Gray, B. (2014) 'Accelerated Literacy: Developmental Outline'. 

Gray, B. (2014) 'The Traeger Park Project: Developmental Outline'. 

Gray, B. (2015) Concentrated Language Encounters Part 1 Written for ALPAA Symposium, Adelaide September, 2015

Gray, B. (2015) Concentrated Language Encounters Part 2 Written for ALPAA Symposium, Adelaide September, 2015

Gray, B. (2015) Concentrated Language Encounters Part 3 Written for ALPAA Symposium, Adelaide September, 2015

Harders, P., & Macken-Horarik, M. (2008). 'Scaffolding Literacy and the Year 9 Boys: Developing a Language-Centred Literacy Pedagogy'. TESOL in Context, 18(2), 4-21.

Harley, J. (2008). 'Hey teacher! You're waking me up!' Ngoongjook, 33, 73-82.

Jackson, E. (2008). From product to process, to genre theory and beyond: Toward an ‘apprenticeship’ model of teaching writing 

Jones, P., and Chen, H. (2012). 'Teachers' knowledge about language: Issues of pedagogy and expertise'. Australian Journal of Language and Literacy, 35 (2), 147-168.

Kalb, G., & van Ours, J. C. (2014). Reading to young children: A head-start in life? Economics of Education Review, 40, 1–24. doi:10.1016/j.econedurev.2014.01.002

McCormack, J. N., Cowey, W. (2008). 'Accelerated Literacy teaching and its links with Indigenous learning'. Ngoonjook, 33, 61-72.

Mullin, K., & Oliver, R. (2010).' A Second Language/Dialect Acquisition Perspective on the Accelerated Literacy Teaching Sequence'. Australian Journal of Language and Literacy, 33(2), 151-163.

Parkin, B. (2014). 'What is scaffolding?'

Rose, D., Gray, B, Cowey, W. (1998) 'Providing access to academic-literate discourses for Indigenous learners'. Ngoonjook, December 1998, 62-70.

Book chapters

Harper, H., Lotherington, M. & Parkin, B. (2018). 'Carrying the conversation in my head: classroom dialogue in a remote Aboriginal setting'. In P. Jones, Simpson, A. & Thwaite, A. (Eds). Talking the talk: snapshots from Australian classrooms. Sydney:PETAA.

Parkin, B. Chapter 7 (2006) 'Expanding Indigenous identity in the South Australian Accelerated Literacy program: participants in academic and literate discourse' In TESOL In Context Series S: Special Edition.

Rose, D., Gray, B, Cowey, W. Chapter 3 'Scaffolding Reading and Writing for Indigenous Children in School', in P. Wignell (ed.) Double Power: English literacy and Indigenous education. Melbourne: NLLIA, 1999, 23-60.

Conference presentations

Cowey, W. (2007). 'Exploring the potential of classoom questioning in the National Accelerated Literacy Program.' Critical capital: teaching and learning: AATE and ALEA Conference, Canberra: 2007. 

Cowey, W. (2008) 'The teacher says I have to make my writing interesting, but how do I do that?' Paper at National Conference for the teachers of English and Literacy Adelaide July 2008.

Cowey, W. (2008) 'The National Accelerated Literacy Program: its results and potential for improving the literacy outcomes for marginalised students. AARE International Research Conference, Brisbane 2008.

Cowey, W., Harper, H., Dunn, B., and Wolgemuth, J. (2009) 'How Important is School Attendance in Learning to Read?' AARE International Research Conference, Canberra 2009.

Gray, B. (2013). 'Opening Remarks, ALPAA Launch'.


Axford, B., Harders, P., & Wise, F. (2009). Scaffolding Literacy. Melbourne: ACER Press.

Gray, B. (2007) Accelerating the literacy development of Indigenous students. Darwin: CDU Press. (Available from CDU Bookshop. Details here.)


Mullin, K. Let's begin embarking on the reading journey with Kindergarten and Pre Primary students. Booklet prepared for the Association of Independent Schools of Western Australia.


Cresswell, J., Underwood, C. and Withers, G. (2002) Evaluation of the University of Canberra Programme/or Advanced Literacy Development Scaffolding Literacy Programme with Indigenous Children in School Melbourne:ACER

Gray, B., and Cowey, W. (2001) Some Reflections on the Literacy Development of Children at Amata School: 1998-2000. National Year Book on Research in Education for 2001, Canberra: DEETYA.

Gray, B, Cowey, W. and Rose, D. (2000) What do we mean by an educational culture of survival. Report prepared for the Department of Education, Training and Youth Affairs, Canberra. 

Gray, B., Cowey, W. and Axford, B. (2003). Scaffolding Literacy with Indigenous Children in School: Final Project Report 2003. Canberra:University of Canberra.

Harper, H. and Parkin, B. (2017). Scaffolding Academic Language with Educationally Marginalised Students. Project report. Sydney: PETAA

Harper, H. and Parkin, B. (2017). Scaffolding Academic Language with Educationally Marginalised Students. Executive summary. Sydney: PETAA

Mayfield PS (2014). Seeking different results: the Accelerated Literacy ProgramTeach Learn Share website Accessed December 2016

Parkin,B. (1999) Deadly Readin' Writin' and Talkin' Project Annual Report: I think we're onto something. Salisbury North R-7 School, Salisbury North, Adelaide, SA.

Parkin, B. (2000) Deadly Readin' Writin' and Talkin' Project Annual Report: On the Move Salisbury North R-7 School, Salisbury North, Adelaide, SA.

Parkin, B. (2001) Deadly Readin' Writin' and Talkin' Project Annual Report: Getting somewhere Salisbury North R-7 School, Salisbury North, Adelaide, SA.

Parkin, B. (2006) Snapshots from some AL schools (Adelaide: SAALP)

Parkin, B. (2014). SAALP Final Report. Adelaide: SA Dept Education and Child Development. Accessed November 2014.

SAALP (2014). Literacy is everyone's business: the South Australian Accelerated Literacy ProgramTeach Learn Share website. Accessed December 2016

Walsh, J. (2008) Accelerated Literacy in Science  Adelaide: SAALP

Westhorp, J. (2007) Effective Contexts for AL schools Adelaide: SA Dept Education and Children's Services. Accessed 2013


Gray, B. (1998) Accessing the Discourses of Schooling: Language and Literacy Development with Aboriginal children in Mainstream Schools (2MB). PhD Thesis, University of Melbourne.

Parkin, B. (2014) Scaffolding Science: a Pedagogy for Marginalised Students (3MB). PhD Thesis, University of Adelaide.

Further reading

Language and grammar

For a very accessible guide to grammatical concepts, check out this website by Margaret Graetz.